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Detailed Syllabus May 2013 Wild Life Assistant Grade

CATEGORY NO. 444/2011



Animal diversity
General characters, zoological importance and systematic positions of animals in all phyla 
giving special importance to wild life.
Animal Physiology
Nutrition & digestion, Metabolism -Carbohydrate, protein & lipid metabolism
Circulatory system - structure and working of heart, pacemaker, composition of
blood, blood groups, blood clotting.
Respiratory system -Gas exchange, respiratory pigments, transport of C02 Ss O2
Excretory system - types of excretion, structure of nephron, urine formation,
Muscle physiology -types of muscle, ultra structure of striated muscle, mechanism of
muscle contraction, muscle twitch, tetanus, summation, tonus, fatigue, oxygen debt,
rigor mortis.
Nervous system - structure & types of neuron, nerve impulse transmission, synapse
& synaptic transmission, neurotransmitters, reflex action.
Endocrine system - endocrine glands & hormones produced functions of hormones,
role of hypothalamus and their secretions, mechanism of hormone action.
Reproductive system - male and female reproductive organs, reproductive cycles,
pregnancy, parturition, lactation, birth control methods.
Cell biology & Molecular biology
Cell - cell theory, structure & functions of ceE membrane and organelles
Cell division - mitosis, meiosis Biology of cancer Nature of Genetic material - Griffith's expt., 
Contributions of Avery, Mac Leod and Mac Carthy, Hershey & Chase's expt., transformation, 
transduction. Structure DNA, types of DNA & RNA, DNA replication, Genetic code
DNA sequencing, DNA finger printing Genomic library, cDNA library, PCR and its 
applications Blotting techniques - southern blotting, western blotting, northern blotting.
Genetics & Embryology
Mendel 85 his experiments Gene, interaction of genes Sex determination, linkage, crossing over 
& recombination Types of mutations, molecular basis of mutation, cytoplasmic inheritance
Fertilization, types cleavage, gastrulation Type of placenta in mammals. Fundamentals of wild life
Zoogeographical realms Biogeographic classification of India Protected area network - 
sanctuaries, National parks, tiger reserves, biosphere reserve Endangered and endemic animals
Wild life census and monitoring methods. 


Anatomy: Anatomy: Simple & complex tissues - Components of vascular tissues - types of vascular bundles -
Primary structure of dicot & monocot stems & roots -Normal secondary growth in thickness in dicot 
stems & roots -cambium: fusiform & ray initials -storied & nonstoried cambium- radial & 
longitudinal system - periderm- lenticels- annual rings- dendrochronology- tyloses. Wood: spring 
wood/ autumn wood - porous/non porous wood - ring porous/diffuse porous wood - hard wood/soft 
wood, heart wood/sap wood- tension wood, reaction wood, compression wood. 
2.... Physiology Physiology: Importance of water to plants - absorption & translocation of water - transpiration -
nutrition: photosynthesis- autotrophs & heterotrophs - special modes of nutrition- nutrient cycling 
in nature - plant growth hormones - plant movements
3.... Taxonomy Taxonomy: Herbs/shrubs/trees. Climbers/creepers/stragglers/lianas. Classification of plants: 
Artificial/natural/phylogenetic systems. Species concept- Taxon- Binomial nomenclature -ICBNherbarium technique- botanical gardens. Dendrology.
4.... Plants & human welfare Plants & human welfare: Food plants (Cereals, millets, pulses, tuber/starch/sugar/oil yielding 
plants, spices & condiments, beverages) - Plants yielding resins/dyes/tannins/ gums/mucilages - Timber
yielding plants - Medicinal & aromatic plants. Pharmacognosy: Definition- scope - sources of crude 
drugs (Roots/ rhkomes/leaves/flowers/fruits/seeds). Ethnobotany: Importance-methods of collection 
of ethno-botanical data - tribals of Kerala - common plants used by tribals. 
5.... Environmental Science Environmental Science: Concept of ecosystem - components of ecosystem - different types 
(Aquatic & terrestrial). Major terrestrial biomes- Pond, grassland, desert & forest ecosystems - 
myristica swamps - mangroves. Food chain - food web - ecological pyramids - energy flow in an 
ecosystem. Ecological groups (Hydrophytes, xerophytes, mesophytes, parasites, epiphytes, 
insectivores). Vegetational types in India. Ecological succession: Causes-mechanisms-seral stagespioneer & climax communities-hydrosere-xerosere. Concept of biodiversity- significance - threats - in 
situ & ex situ conservation - biodiversity hotspots - megadiversity centres-IUCN, MAB, Red data 
book, UNEP. Natural resources: renewable & nonrenewable. Sustainable development- Organic 
farming- biofertilizers- bioremediation-biopesticides/bioinsecticides-alternate energy sources. 


Introduction to Forestry: Introduction to Forestry: Forests; definitions, role, benefits; direct and indirect - Tropical and 
temperate forests - Forestry, definitions, divisions and interrelationships, agroforestry, farm 
forestry, social forestry and community forestry - Classification of forests; territorial, 
administrative, types etc. - Global warming, mechanisms to control, carbon sequestration, CDMs, 
Kyoto protocol. National and international organizations in forestry- World forestry day, world 
environment day and Vanamahotsava. Forest conservation movements in India. Fundamentals of Geology and Soil Science Fundamentals of Geology and Soil Science damentals of Geology and Soil Science Composition of earth's crust, soil as a natural body 
- Pedology- Rocks types, Igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic, classification- Soil forming 
minerals, definition, classification-Weathering of rocks and minerals, weathering factors, 
physical, chemical and biological agents involved- Formation of various soils. Physical and 
chemical properties of soil - Soil organic matter decomposition-pH- Soil nutrients- Soil water 
forms - hygroscopic capillary and gravitational - Infiltration and percolation- Land capability 
Forest recreation, landscape architecture and urban forestry : Definition and scope - social 
and environmental aspects of recreation- Principles and practices of landscaping- landscape 
designs, formal and informal - landscape components, lawn, pergolas, hedges, edges, topiary, 
baloons, arbours, carpet beds, trees, flower beds, annuals, climbers. Urban forestry - definition 
and scope — uses of urban forests, management of urban forest -Planning and planting 
programmes in institutional and industrial complexes, roads, bridges, parking area etc.
Forest management, policy and legislation : Definition, scope, objective and principles of forest 
management, organization of state forests-. Sustainable forest management - Working plan 
preparations, objectives and uses- Forest maps and their uses. Joint forest management, concept 
and principles - National forest policies, scope and importance- Indian judicial system- Legal 
definitions, application of penal code to forests, General principles of criminal law- Indian 
Forest Act, 1927, general provisions - Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980. Biological Diversity Act 
2002 and Biological diversity rules 2004.
Wildlife Management : Definition, history of wildlife management and conservation in India- 
Values of wildlife, aesthetic, recreational, scientific, educational, commercial and ecological 
values - Red Data Book and red listing, IUCN revised red list categories - Wildlife (Protection) 
Act, 1972 and amendments - Special projects for wildlife conservation - Project Tiger and Musk 
Deer Project etc. - Introduction and reintroduction of species - Wildlife corridors - Ecotourism, 
definition, evolution and trends in ecotourism- Ecotourism in protected areas - Ecotourism as a 
tool for management of common property resources.


Livestock Production Management: 
Introductory animal husbandry. Common animal husbandry terms. Body conformation and 
identification. Dentition and ageing of animals. Transport of livestock by rail, road, air and on foot. 
Common farm management practices including disinfection, isolation, quarantine and disposal of 
carcass. Introduction to methods of drug administration. Common vices of animals, their prevention 
and care. Breeds and descriptors of important breeds of cattle and buffaloes. General management 
and feeding practices of calves, heifers, pregnant, lactating and dry animals, and bulls and 
working animals. 
Principles of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology
Importance of nutrients in animal production and health. Nutritional terms and their definitions. 
Importance of minerals (major and trace elements) and vitamins in health and production, their 
requirements and supplementation in feed. Common feeds and fodders, their classification, 
availability and importance for livestock production. Veterinary Epidemiology and Zoonoses
Definitions and aims of epidemiology. Surveillance and monitoring of livestock diseases. 
National and International regulations on livestock diseases. Role of OIE and laws on 
international trade on animals and animal products. Definition, history and socio-economic impact 
of zoonotic diseases. Role of domestic, wild, pet and laboratory animals and birds in transmission of 
zoonoses.. Reservoirs, clinical manifestations in animals and the management of the following 
zoonoses: rabies, Japanese encephalitis, Kyasanur forest disease, influenza, anthrax, brucellosis, 
tuberculosis, leptospirosis, listeriosis, plague, rickettsiosis, chlamydiosis and dermatatophytosis. 
Veterinary toxicology
General Toxicology: Definitions, fundamentals and scope of toxicology. General approaches to 
diagnosis and treatment of poisoning. Toxicity caused by metal and non-metals: Arsenic, lead, 
mercury, copper, selenium,molybdenum, phosphorus, nitrates and nitrites, common salt and 
fluoride. Toxicity caused by plants and weeds. Drug toxicity and toxicity caused by 
agrochemicals. Venomous bites and stings: Snake bite, scorpion, spider, wasp stings and toad 
Zoo/Wild Animal Breeding, Nutrition, Management and Zoo/Wild Animal Breeding, Nutrition, Management and Healthcare Healthcare
Population dynamics of wild animals, effective population size of wild animals captivity/zoo/natural 
habitats. Planned breeding of wild animals. Controlled breeding and assisted reproduction. Breeding 
for conservation of wild animals. Feeding habits, feed and feeding schedules of zoo animals. Nutrient 
requirements of wild animals. Restrain, capture, handling, physical examination and transport of wild 
and zoo animals. Acts and Rules related to Zoo and wild animals. National and international 
organizations and institutions interlinked to wild and zoo animals - role and functioning.

NOTE: - It may be noted that apart from the  main topics listed  above, questions  from other topics prescribed for the educational qualification of the post  may also appear in the question paper. There is no undertaking that all the  topics above may be covered in the question paper.

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